Home Obstructive Sleep Apnea How to Treat Mild Sleep Apnea Without CPAP

How to Treat Mild Sleep Apnea Without CPAP

by Eric Martin
0 comment
How to Treat Mild Sleep Apnea Without CPAP

What is Sleep Apnea?

What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea or obstructive  sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which breathing patterns disrupt during sleep. Either the breathing pauses for some time or there are periods of shallow breathing during sleep. This condition often results in loud snoring or choking due to shortness of breath. In children, this can cause problems in performing in school or hyperactivity

Sleep apnea can be of two forms i.e., obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea (CSA), or a combination of both. Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea is a syndrome characterized by irregular airflow in episodic repetition due to the collapse of upper airways during sleep. Whereas, central sleep apnea (CSA) is a syndrome where regular breathing simply stops involuntarily. 

What causes Sleep Apnea?

What causes Sleep Apnea?

Sleep Apnea can occur due to various reasons like: 

  • Obesity or overweight
  • People born with narrow necks or thicker necks
  • Narrowed airways
  • Old age
  • Family genes
  • Use of intoxicants and substances
  • Smoking
How to Treat Sleep Apnea?

How to Treat Sleep Apnea?

There are various ways to treat sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Central sleep apnea (CSA) both have separate and specific ways of treatment. The doctor usually starts with behavioral therapy to control sleep apnea by prescribing sleeping pills, no alcohol consumption, suggest sedatives that help throat muscles to relax and help to breathe properly during sleep.

Various methods can help open up blocked airways during sleep which include therapies and surgery if required. 

Therapies include: 

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

It is a treatment method for patients who have mild to severe sleep apnea. This machine delivers air pressure through a mask while a patient is sleeping. It provides enough air to keep your upper airway passages open resulting in the prevention of apnea and snoring during sleep.

CPAP is the most common and reliable method for the treatment of this medical condition but patients find it uncomfortable and cumbersome. You can adjust the pressure settings of CPAP as per your weight changes.

Oral appliances

Other oral appliances are designed to keep your throat open and wearing them is more reliable and effective than other machines like CPAP. It is easier to use and some work by opening your throat by bringing your jaw forward relieving mild OSA and snoring. 

Treatment-related medical problems

CSA’s possible causes include heart issues or neuromuscular disorders and treating these conditions might help CSA

Oxygen supply

Using supplements that can boost the oxygen levels in your body while sleeping can help CSA. Various devices can help provide oxygen to the body.

Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV)

It is an airflow device that learns your normal breathing patterns and stores information in the computer system. This machine uses pressure to normalize their breathing pattern and prevent pausing their breathing while asleep. It treats complex sleep apnea in some patients effectively as compared to other forms of positive airway pressure but this way of treatment should be avoided if the patient has predominant central sleep apnea and advanced heart failure.

Surgeries

This only occurs if other treatments fail to work on patients. A minimum of three months of treatment is used as a trial for the patient before considering surgery. Surgery options might include:

  • Tissue removal at the rear area of your mouth and back of your throat by uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
  • Shrinking tissue in the rear area of your mouth and back of your throat by radiofrequency ablation
  • Repositioning your jaw forward from the remainder of your face bones enlarging our space behind the tongue
  • Polyester or plastic material soft rod implanted into the soft palate 
  • Inserting nerve stimulation to stimulate the nerve that controls tongue movement keeping the airway open
  • Creating new airway passage by tracheostomy only for patients with chronic sleep apnea
  • Weight loss surgery 
  • Removal of enlarged tonsils or adenoids

Sleep Apnea New Technology/Procedure

Sleep Apnea New Technology/Procedure

There is a new treatment available to treat sleep apnea known as Inspire Upper Airway Stimulation (UAS) therapy. It offers an implantable device that can be used to treat obstructive sleep apnea and it helps patients have a natural breathing process while working inside the body as an implant. It treats sleep apnea without using uncomfortable external devices like Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or getting under the knife which can be risky to a patient’s life sometimes. 

Inspire Medical System

Inspire medical system is said to be an effective and easy alternative to CPAP. It is a maskless way to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as it is implanted inside the body and works easily without giving external need for the device so it works as a permanent treatment for sleep apnea. 

This implantable system has a small generator and this device contains a Breathing sensor lead which helps to sense breathing patterns and Stimulation lead to stimulating normal breathing during sleep time. 

Patients who have stopped using CPAP because they become intolerant to that device over time can use Inspire system for sleep apnea with a high level of patient satisfaction which proves to be significant sleep apnea innovation.

Many patients can have the Inspire system implanted during an outpatient procedure. The Inspire system senses a patient’s breathing pattern which is unique to oneself and delivers a moderate amount of stimulation to the hypoglossal nerve. It is a nerve that starts at the base of your brain to your neck and it ends at the base and tongue’s underside. This nerve is responsible for regulating tongue movement and other main muscles of the airways.

After implanting the Inspire medical system into the patient’s body, they might experience some pain and swelling at the sites of the incision for some time. Patients can recover from it and can go back to their daily activities without pain or swelling around the implanted regions of the body. 

This device can be controlled externally with the help of a remote and doctors customize that system according to patients’ conditions in need for one month and then train their patients to use that remote accordingly as well.

Conclusion

Sleep apnea or obstructive sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which breathing patterns disrupt during sleep. Sleep apnea can occur due to various reasons like Family genes, obesity, or smoking. We can treat it through various therapy and surgical methods. The most commonly used method to treat sleep apnea is Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Most of the time patients find it uncomfortable and cumbersome. There is a new treatment available to treat sleep apnea known as Inspire Upper Airway Stimulation (UAS) therapy. It is a mask less way to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as you can implant it inside the body and works easily.

You may also like

Leave a Comment