The brain, in combination with the spinal cord and nerves, forms what we call the nervous or neurological system. When disruption occurs within any of these neurologic components, you will experience what is scientifically called a ‘Neurological disorder’. Typically, the symptoms of this serious medical condition seen in individuals suffering from it include the inability to walk, talk, difficulty swallowing, breathing, and even learning. In the world of neurology, there is a mix of familiar and rare neurological disorders that you need to know about. Hence, here is presenting to you the neurological disorders list. It is as follows:
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD:
According to many medical sources, ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is classified as a neurological disorder. Besides, ADHD neurological disorder generally occurs during childhood and tends to transition into adulthood. It involves symptoms such as an inability in a child or adult to pay attention or bring impulsive behaviour under control. Signs of over or hyperactivity are also an integral part of ADHD.
Functional Neurological Disorder or FND:
A functional neurological disorder, also known as FND, is a neurological medical condition involving the brain’s inability to receive and send information to t he rest of the body. Therefore, in layperson’s terms, an individual suffering from FND usually has problems with the software, not the brain’s hardware. It involves signs and symptoms such as episodes of seizure, weakness in the legs and arms etc. With regards to why Functional neurological disorder occurs, it is one among a few neurological disorders in adults for which the exact causative factors are not clear as yet. Research to discover more about FND by scientists is still in progress.
One widespread and effective functional neurological disorder treatment is physical therapy. It proves to help treat FND symptoms by reducing abnormal brain patterns in the brain and promoting automatic movements.
Progressive Neurological Disorders:
‘Neurodegenerative’ is a medical term that defines progressive neurological disorders. It is a neurological disorder with several symptoms. A few of them include the inability of an individual to communicate and even difficulties arising in swallowing and breathing. Besides, there is a possibility that some conditions arising from progressive neurological disorders may turn out to be hereditary. It, therefore, means that it can also be included as part of genetic neurological disorders. Some other causative factors are viruses, tumours, and even stroke.
Autoimmune Neurological Disorders:
Autoimmune neurological disorders typically affect an individual by attacking the nervous system or a few human body organs. Some symptoms of autoimmune neurological diseases include stroke, seizure attacks, headaches, cognitive dysfunction etc. Also, there are about seven main types of autoimmune neurological disorders. These include the following:
- Celiac disease
- Addison disease
- Graves disease
- Hashimoto thyroiditis
- Myasthenia Gravis
- Pernicious Anaemia
Blepharospasm or Excessive Blinking Neurological Disorder:
An excessive blinking neurological disorder which medically is called Blepharospasm is a neurological disorder in which there is severe damage to your muscles controlling eyelids. Initially, this severe blinking neurological disorder begins with just twitching and ends up with you being unable to keep your eyes wide open. Therefore, as you can see from the most common neurological disorders list given above, you can see that there are quite a few most common neurological disorders. Now, if you happen to suffer from any of them, you will need to choose one from the treatment or diagnostic tests available among the many neurological disorders. Usually, though, this will include blood tests for neurological disorders.