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Pulmonary Hypertension

by Eric Martin
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pulmonary hypertension

To explain in simple terms, pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a medical condition which is a form of high blood pressure. Typically, this disorder affects the arteries of the lungs as well as the right side of the heart. Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, or PAH, is another type which involves the narrowing or dilation of blood vessels in the lungs. Now, this medical condition we know as pulmonary hypertension can gradually worsen over time and become a threat to your life. Therefore, all of you, especially those suffering from this disease, must know more about pulmonary hypertension symptoms and everything else you need to know.

What are the Pulmonary Hypertension Causes and Symptoms?

Before looking for a pulmonary hypertension treatment that will provide you with an effective diagnosis at affordable rates, you need to understand what triggers it. When it comes to this medical condition’s association with the lungs, the causes will vary depending on your type of PH. They are divided into various groups as follows:

Group 1: Includes Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension or PAH:

The development of this type of PH is due to wide-ranging factors, including liver disease, HIV, Schistosomiasis, glycogen storage disease, genetic mutations etc.

Group 2: PH that affects the left side of the heart:

This type of PH occurs when the left side of the heart works in perfect coordination with the right side. Several factors cause it. They are as follows:

  1. Left ventricular hypertrophy
  2. Disorder of the aortic valve
  3. Failure of mitral valve
  4. Malfunctioning of the left side of the heart

Group 3: PH arising due to hypoxia or lung issue:

It is common to fund lung problems being the cause of pulmonary hypertension symptoms. Therefore, some of the causative factors for this disorder are as follows:

  1. Obstructive sleep apnea
  2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  3. Interstitial lung disease

Group 4: PH that occurs due to blockage in the lungs:

Usually, a condition known as Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension or CTEPH leads to this form of PH. It is a disorder in which there is the involvement of blood clotting and scarring in the lung arteries.

Group 5: PH due to other medical conditions:

Even today, many disorders serve as the causative factor of PH. However, scientists around the world are yet clueless about it. They are:

  1. Langerhans cell histiocytosis
  2. Thyroid disease
  3. Sarcoidosis
  4. Gaucher disease
  5. Tumours that may be benign or cancerous

Some of the pulmonary hypertension symptoms are as follows:

  1. Shortness of breath which is also one of the symptoms of pulmonary arterial hypertension in scleroderma, Fainting or dizziness
  2. Fatigue
  3. Chest pain
  4. Rapid heartbeat
  5. Swelling in ankles, stomach, and ankles
  6. Feeling less hungry

Early Stages of Pulmonary Hypertension:

According to the World Health Organization WHO, the early stages of pulmonary hypertension or PH are classified into four types. They are called ‘Functional Classes’. This classification is based on the pulmonary hypertension symptoms that individuals suffering from PH may feel. They are as follows:

  • No visible symptoms
  • Some discomfort due to shortness of breath on engaging in physical activity
  • Increase in tiredness and shortness of breath
  • Pulmonary hypertension symptoms appearing even during rest

What is the Treatment for Mild Pulmonary Hypertension?

The treatment for mild pulmonary hypertension will completely depend on your type of PH and other medical disorders. Therefore, here is presenting the various types of PH and methods you can use to treat it.

Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension:

Usually, for treatment of CTEPH, you can use either anticoagulant medicine that helps prevent blood clotting. It is a procedure known as Balloon atrial septostomy, used mainly for babies having defective hearts, which is also an option. However, you can also use it to manage adults with PH symptoms.

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension:

Also, for PAH, the following treatment for mild pulmonary hypertension you can use. They include:

Usage of Calcium Blockers:

It proves effective in treating mild pulmonary hypertension by lowering blood pressure in arteries and throughout your body.

Pulmonary Vasodilators:

These medications help trigger relaxation within pulmonary arteries to improve blood flow and lower strain on your heart.

Diuretics:

Popularly known as ‘Water Pills’, this type of medicine helps eliminate fluid from the body and helps treat pulmonary hypertension.

Oxygen Therapy:

This treatment is useful only for those individuals who do not have enough oxygen in their blood.

pulmonary hypertension or PH is a medical condition that can lead to serious complications, such as heart failure, which could lead to death. Therefore, you must treat or manage the symptoms using a mix of changes in lifestyle and medications before it gets too late to mend.

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