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Surgical Treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnea

by Eric Martin
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Surgical Treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnea

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome?

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or OSA is the most common type of sleep disorder that not only affects the sleeping pattern of a person but also the breathing system of the body as well. Furthermore, it is a typical type of Sleep Apnea. It obstructs your breathing when you sleep because your throat muscles relax way too much which blocks your airway. Loud snoring, struggling to catch breathing in the middle of the night, and feeling drowsy during the day in persistent can be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. 

Facing OSA can be very stressful in day-to-day life because it not only affects your sleep patterns but also your work and live performance and productivity along with mood on daily basis. OSA can also be lethal if you do not diagnose and treat this condition properly. There are many treatment methods that treat OSA which also include surgical procedures for obstructive sleep apnea. Let’s know more about this syndrome in detail further. 

What are the Health Complications of Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Depending upon the severity of this condition, one may face different health complication because of this condition which includes:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart attacks 
  • Heart failure
  • Strokes
  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Eye problems
  • Glaucoma
  • People around you may start to develop sleep problems

So, this condition can turn fatal if the treatment is not done properly. Moreover, seeking medical help to treat OSA even at mild levels is advisable. Also, worry not! There are various treatment methods that can also prevent you from experiencing any major health complications. In severe cases, also there is surgery to cure obstructive sleep apnea syndrome as well. 

What are the Signs That You Might Have OSA?

What are the Signs That You Might Have OSA?

A person may have Obstructive sleep apnea only but in cases of Complex sleep apnea, they not only face OSA but other types of Sleep Apnea known as Central Sleep Apnea/CSA. In complex one, a person will include symptoms of OSA also. Moreover, here is a list of Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome symptoms that one can look into as follows:

  • Hypersomnia
  • Agitation
  • Depression
  • Cannot sleep properly
  • Insomnia
  • Mood swings
  • Memory problems
  • Morning headaches
  • Depression 
  • Concentration trouble
  • Gasping for air in between sleep time
  • Abruptly waking up from sleep
  • High blood pressure
  • Desire to have sex declines
  • Breathing stops in sleep pattern-wise or suddenly
  • Choking
  • Dozing in the daytime excessively 
  • Snoring loudly 

What Causes Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome to Occur?

The primary reason for this type of Sleep Apnea to occur is unusual relaxation of throat muscles that block airways that play a major part in the breathing process during sleep time. Obstruction in the breathing airway leads to abnormal breathing and later declines the Oxygen supply in the lungs leading to struggles for proper breathing during sleep. However, there are other reasons that can cause such conditions to occur as follows:

  • Obesity
  • Fat deposits on the upper airways
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Aging
  • Natural inheritance of narrow airways
  • Tonsil or adenoid enlargement
  • Hypertension problems
  • Using medicine that contains sedatives
  • Consuming narcotic analgesics and general anesthetics
  • Having major surgery
  • Chronic nasal congestion
  • People who smoke
  • Having Diabetes
  • Women in the premenopausal stage
  • Menopause in women
  • Family history of sleep apnea
  • Asthma condition

How to Treat OSA Naturally?

Even though you are in milder levels of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, it is advisable to seek medical help for proper prevention, awareness, and treatment of OSA. OSA can be very fatal if you do not treat and diagnose it properly in time. So, it is important to seek their help in time if you find yourself showing symptoms of OSA. Moreover, your doctor will suggest lifestyle changes for minder cases of OSA that includes:

  • Losing weight
  • Regularly exercising
  • Checking your doses on a sedative, narcotic, or analgesic medicine treatment properly
  • Using nasal decongestants
  • Applying or taking other allergy medications
  • Avoiding sleeping on the back
  • Practicing breathing exercises 
  • Checking up on blood pressure and oxygen levels 
  • Avoiding sedative medications or lowering their doses

What are the Therapies Doctors Suggest for OSA?

Therapies for treating or managing the condition of Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome also include a combination of medications, devices, and lifestyle changes which are given below:

Therapies and Devices for Obstructive sleep apnea Treatment Include:

  • Positive airway pressure
  • CPAP (Continuous positive airway pressure)
  • APAP (Autotitrating positive airway pressure)
  • Bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP)
  • Nasal pillow mask
  • Full-face mask supplying air pressure
  • Nasal mask supplying air pressure
  • Mandibular advancement device (MAD)
  • Tongue retaining device
  • Hypoglossal nerve stimulator
  • Inspire sleep apnea device
  • Sleep apnea patch

Medicines for Obstructive sleep apnea Include:

  • Protriptyline 
  • Modafinil
  • Acetazolamide
  • Medroxyprogesterone
  • Fluoxetine
  • Armodafinil

What is the Surgical Treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome?

Surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults is a major step that doctors suggest and perform in severe cases of OSA. When medications, lifestyle changes, and therapies become ineffective then doctors go for surgical options. Moreover, surgical management of obstructive sleep apnea is not too complex and it includes:

Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) 

So, it’s all about the Surgical removal of tissue present on top of your throat and back of your mouth. During sleep, this surgery will help you to have effortless breathing due to unblocked airways. 

Maxillomandibular Advancement or Jaw Surgery

This surgical procedure adjusts and moves both upper and lower jaw parts forward from the rest of the facial bones which enlarges the space behind the soft palate and tongue. Additionally, it makes the possibility of breathing obstruction very minimal.

Upper Airway Stimulation

Underneath your upper chest skin, doctors implant an impulse generator also known as hypoglossal nerve stimulation. It observes and detects your breathing pattern in order to supply the proper amount of stimulation to the nerve that controls the tongue to prevent airway obstruction.

Tracheostomy

In most extreme cases, this surgery also helps OSA patients. Opening of your neck has metal or plastic tube insertion through breathing passage also letting air pass by out of lines and bypassing air passage blockage in your throat. 

Nasal surgery

Here surgeons straighten deviated septum or also remove polyps. 

Other Surgery Methods

Removing tonsils or adenoid enlargements also leads to airway obstruction.

Conclusion

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or OSA is the most common type of sleep disorder that not only affects the sleeping pattern of a person but also the breathing system of the body as well. Loud snoring, struggling to catch breathing in the middle of the night, and feeling drowsy during the day in persistent can be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.  It obstructs your breathing when you sleep because your throat muscles relax way too much which blocks your airway. OSA can also be lethal if you do not diagnose and treat this condition properly. 

There are many treatment methods that treat OSA which also include surgical procedures for obstructive sleep apnea. Depending upon the severity of this condition, one may also face different health complications. Even though you are in milder levels of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, it is advisable to seek medical help for proper prevention, awareness, and treatment of OSA. Therapies for treating or managing the condition of Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome also include a combination of medications, devices, and lifestyle changes. Whereas, Surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults is a major step that doctors suggest and perform in severe cases of OSA. 

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