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What are The Medicines That Helps to Treat Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

by Eric Martin
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What are The Medicines That Helps to Treat Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

What is Excessive Daytime Sleepiness?

What is Excessive Daytime Sleepiness?

This medical condition can be characterized by persistent daytime sleepiness even after an adequate amount of night sleep. Excessive daytime sleepiness is an umbrella term for which several underlying sleeping disorders are covered like narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and hypersomnia. The strong urge to doze off during the day can be problematic to your personal and professional life. 

Excessive daytime sleepiness can risk your safety. Minor accidents while driving, missing out on important office meetings, getting unproductive at work, and facing problems concentrating during important work time can be some frequent consequences you may face due to Excessive daytime sleepiness.

How Common is Excessive Daytime Sleepiness?

Around 20% of the American populace experiences Excessive daytime sleepiness according to National Sleep Foundation. It is quite common in the US. Other sleeping disorders like Narcolepsy and Hypersomnia which cause Excessive daytime sleepiness are quite common as well.

Excessive Sleep Causes

Excessive Sleep Causes

Moreover, there are several reasons Excessive daytime sleepiness can occur to you. Excessive daytime sleepiness could also occur as a byproduct of some other sleeping disorders. Furthermore, here is a list of Excessive daytime sleepiness causes as follows:

  • Not getting enough overall sleep
  • Unable to acquire quality bedtime sleep
  • Changes in the body’s internal clock settings
  • Jet Lag
  • Circadian rhythm sleep disorders
  • Depression (clinical and atypical)
  • Tumours
  • Anaemia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Central Nervous System injury
  • Kidney failure
  • Trauma
  • Substance abuse
  • Family history
  • Lack of vitamin
  • Insufficient amount of Biotin 
  • Side effects of other medications

Underlying Sleep Disorders Like 

  • Shift work sleep disorder
  • Narcolepsy
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Idiopathic Insomnia
  • Restless legs syndrome

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness?

Excessive daytime sleepiness can be very challenging for people who are suffering from it. Seek medical help and consult your doctor as soon as possible because this condition can lead to safety and health issues at large. Furthermore, here are signs and symptoms that you may have Excessive daytime sleepiness as follows:

  • You feel compelled to nap frequently during day time
  • One time day’s nap is not enough
  • You feel sleepy and lazy the whole day
  • Also, you don’t sleep on days occasionally, its daily
  • You wake up tired in the morning even if you slept more than 8 hours daily
  • People also feel sleep deprived throughout the day
  • Falling asleep quickly in the daytime is easy
  • Individuals find it hard to stay awake on days

If you experience these signs and you feel them relatable then you should seek help from medical professionals soon. Moreover, Excessive daytime sleepiness can affect your day-to-day life a lot and it may be a sign of some other underlying disorders which may be fatal to your health.

Is There Any Diagnosis Method to Check if You Have Excessive Daytime Sleepiness or Not?

Is There Any Diagnosis Method to Check if You Have Excessive Daytime Sleepiness or Not

Interestingly, over time there are a lot of studies done on Excessive daytime sleepiness and many tests are formed to diagnose Excessive daytime sleepiness condition which works effectively to some extent. Additionally, some diagnosis test methods to know if an individual is facing  Excessive daytime sleepiness problems or not are as follows:

  • Epworth Sleepiness Scale- This test generates numeric scores from zero to 24 and it contains 8 questions based on situations that are encountered in daily life. Additionally, a higher ranking on this test suggests that a person is maybe suffering from Excessive daytime sleepiness. 
  • Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT)- It is used to calculate the sleep latency or the interval between the beginning of a daytime nap and the onset of the first indications of sleep. Furthermore, on a single day, subjects have five cycles of uninterrupted sleep lasting 20 minutes each, separated by 2-hour intervals. Also, the test’s premise is that people fall asleep more quickly the more sleepy they are.
  • Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT)- This test is performed in a sleep diagnostic centre and relies on initial sleep latency measurements. The patient is instructed to stay awake under specific setting conditions for a definite time during the test.
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)- records brain electrical activity by connecting it to the scalp.

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Treatment 

Excessive daytime sleepiness is a medical condition where a person sleeps a lot during the day at unusual levels for longer periods. This can occur due to the above-mentioned causes and underlying disorders. The treatment of Excessive daytime sleepiness can differ from one person to another as this condition occurs due to several reasons and can be a byproduct of other disorders. Consult your doctor or sleep specialist who can diagnose your condition properly and give you proper treatment instead of making assumptions and experimenting. When it comes to treating this condition your doctor might suggest some excessive daytime sleepiness treatment guidelines that you can try yourself naturally or through some medical procedures. 

Things which your doctor may suggest you treat for Excessive daytime sleepiness like:

  • Adopting healthy sleep habits
  • Exercising and doing physical activities
  • Quitting smoking and intoxicant usage
  • Try relaxation techniques 
  • Maintaining your mental health
  • Eating balanced diet
  • Limiting or avoiding caffeine
  • Sleeping in a relaxing, warm, and dark sleep environment
  • Take a warm bath before sleeping 
  • Being consistent with sleep schedule, diet, and exercise

When it comes to other issues other treatment methods include:

  • Use positive airway pressure (PAP) machine such as a continuous (CPAP) or bilevel (BPAP) machine if they’re suffering from sleep apnea 
  • Behavioural therapy is a person is going through Narcolepsy
  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for patients with Insomnia
  • Morning light therapy when it comes to treating patients with Circadian rhythm disorders
  • Pneumatic pressure therapy if a person is going through Restless leg syndrome

What Medications Treat Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

You may be wondering what can I take for excessive daytime sleepiness. There are various medications available on the market that can directly help you stay awake during the day but consulting your doctor will not only help you sort this issue out but also help you figure out any underlying disorders which you may carry and treat them properly. most of the medications are combined with therapies and treatment methods mentioned above.

Following are the medications which your doctor might also suggest if you are going through Excessive daytime sleepiness:

  • Benzodiazepines, antihistamines, melatonin, or common antidepressants can also work for patients with Insomnia
  • Melatonin intake to treat Circadian rhythm disorders
  • Modafinil– contains wakefulness-promoting agents and helps to treat various sleep disorders like Narcolepsy and Sleep Apnea
  • Armodafinil– Similar to modafinil with similar effects
  • Methylphenidate – treats Narcolepsy and improves alertness
  • Sodium oxybate- treats Narcolepsy and helps to keep you stay alert 
  • Benzodiazepine receptor agonists- helps to give a person quality sleep at bedtime
  • Antidepressants
  • Sedative-hypnotic medications

Conclusion

Excessive daytime sleepiness is a medical condition where a person sleeps a lot during the day at unusual levels for longer periods. Excessive daytime sleepiness is an umbrella term for which several underlying sleeping disorders are also covered like narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and hypersomnia. Also, this condition is very common in countries like the USA. Seek medical help and also consult your doctor as soon as possible because this condition can lead to safety and health issues at large. Interestingly, over time there are a lot of studies done on Excessive daytime sleepiness and many tests are formed to diagnose Excessive daytime sleepiness condition which works effectively to some extent.

The treatment of Excessive daytime sleepiness can differ from one person to another as this condition occurs due to several reasons and can be a byproduct of other disorders.

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