Home Attention Deficit Disorder What is Attention Deficit Disorder: How to Treat  ADD?

What is Attention Deficit Disorder: How to Treat  ADD?

Attention deficit disorder

by Eric Martin
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What is Attention Deficit Disorder How to Treat  ADD

What is Attention Deficit Disorder?

What is Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a neurological disorder that causes a wide range of behavioural problems and everything related to focus and attention. These conditions make you unable to concentrate and keep up with simple tasks and instructions. If you or someone you know are going through this condition must seek medical help and try to maintain yourself as this condition irrespective of age can affect their academic, professional, and personal lives. 

Who Gets Affected by Attention Deficit Disorder?

Attention deficit disorder ADD is mostly diagnosed during early childhood between 3 to 7 years old. From adults to children, every age group can have ADHD. At some or other point we can detect ADHD if not diagnosed earlier during childhood.

Attention Deficit Disorder V/S Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the official term to label this medical condition. ADHD term is used regardless of whether a patient has symptoms of impulsiveness and hyperactivity or not. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is the former term to describe an inattentive type of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). 

In other words, patients who have ADHD without impulsiveness and hyperactivity can be labelled under the term Attention deficit disorder (ADD). Sometimes ADD is used as a presentation of ADHD too. Children who are labelled under ADD presentation show a slight difference compared to children who are labelled under ADHD.

For example, A child with ADD is not disruptive in school but it doesn’t mean they are not struggling to focus in class. Children with ADHD tend to exhibit behaviour problems in class or act out inappropriately along with challenges to focus on schoolwork. In these cases, both are different but face issues with focus at the end of the day.

Both exhibit similar attention deficiency conditions but these can be further differentiated when we will talk about their signs/symptoms and their effect on adults.

Signs of Attention Deficit Disorder

A person diagnosed with ADD show signs like:

  • Poor listening
  • Difficulty in maintaining attention levels
  • Lack of attention to details
  • Find it hard to organize tasks and activities
  • Losing stuff here and there
  • Always distracted easily
  • Forgetful most of the times
  • Avoids and hates tasks that demand mental efforts
  • Trouble maintaining and following any instruction

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms

A person diagnosed with ADHD may have slightly different or additional symptoms of ADHD like:

  • Fidgeting Body
  • Unable to stay still
  • Risky behaviour
  • Always restless
  • Unable to engage in activities quietly
  • Very talkative
  • Seemingly very active
  • Quickly responds
  • Prone to risks and dangers
  • Interrupting others quiet often

Does it Affect Adults and Elderly People? 

Indeed, ADD is mostly seen and diagnosed among children but that’s not the only case. Of adults under 44 years of age, about 4.4% have Attention deficit disorder (ADD) too. In rare cases, it affects elderly people who are close to the age of retirement and are likely to have ADD as well. This medical condition becomes worse or better with time depending upon routine, stress, and support. This condition in all phases of age is difficult and causes serious problems in their academic, professional, and personal lives. Sometimes it causes a safety risk too.

Attention Deficit Disorder in Adults

Adults don’t get ADD/ADHD suddenly. They had these conditions predominantly from childhood and it was diagnosed later during adulthood. 

  • Always late
  • Easily distracted
  • Outbursts of emotions
  • Disorganized
  • Only focus on things which they are liking
  • Dislikes or doesn’t focus on things they find boring
  • Problems in a personal relationship
  • Hard time completing tasks or activities which are challenging or require lots of mental efforts
  • Indecisive in setting up priorities

In addition, women go through slightly different symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder or ADHD as compared to men according to various medical studies. Possible experiences of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults women can be:

  • Being messy and disorganized
  • Unable to think straight one at a time
  • Forgetful
  • Hard time coping with stress as compared to women who don’t have ADD/ADHD
  • Overwork to gain approvals
  • Overcommitment toward particular work
  • Extremely sensitive to stimuli
  • Unable to manage time

Causes of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) 

The exact cause of Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is still unknown but experts suggest that it may be due to the following reasons:

  • Genetics- Someone in your family history can pass on this condition through genes
  • Brain structure- studies that scanned ADD patient brain found various areas of the brain in disproportional sizes as compared to normal brain structure. 
  • Malfunctioning of brains-Imbalance in levels of neurotransmitters (chemical messenger) in the brain may cause ADD in person.
  • Premature birth
  • Low birth weight
  • Who has epilepsy
  • People who have brain damage due to head injury or that are inborn

Is Attention Deficit Disorder a Common Disease?

According to experts around 6.1 million American children are diagnosed with Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and the statistics are rising with time. On the other hand, about 4 to 5% of American adults have Attention deficit disorder (ADD).

Patients Living with Attention Deficit Disorder

People going through this condition find it difficult to complete tasks and follow instructions simply. Focusing on their work in school, office, home, and completing assignments or daily checklists seems like a big challenge for them. They are not lazy its just they are unable to do it because of this neurological disorder.

For children, it’s a challenge to excel in class, follow school regulations and work on group projects. They find it difficult to follow simple instructions in a physical training class or dance classes. Parents often received complaints about their affected child’s impulsive behaviour in many ways. 

Adults with ADD find it difficult to maintain relationships, plan their work routine or achieve goals in straight forward manner. They are often forgetful and inattentive. It’s easy for them to get distracted from work or conversations. They find it difficult to work under pressure and excel easily. Either you overcommit to get a simple approval or can’t work at all. 

Living with ADHD/ADD is extremely difficult but it can be made easy if we will seek professional medical help to treat them.

Attention Deficit Disorder Treatment

ADHD is a complex medical condition whose diagnosis cannot be defined but if you are diagnosed earlier from childhood you can manage this condition with proper awareness and treatment well. There is no one size fits all type of medicinal treatment for this condition. Therefore, medications and dosage patterns depend upon the patient’s condition.

The doctor may use a combination of medicines to control this condition along with therapy, training skills to manage this condition, and learning about behavioural changes to make the treatment of ADHD effective. In other words, we can say that doctor uses multimodal treatment methods for ADHD treatment.

Common Medicines for the Treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Medicines that belong to the medication class of stimulants, non-stimulants, and anti-depressants are widely used to treat ADD/ADHD. Common medicines which are generally given to treat ADD/ADHD like:

atomoxetine

  • Lisdexamfetamine
  • Dexamfetamine
  • Guanfacine
  • Methylphenidate
  • Dextroamphetamine
  • Amphetamine
  • Dexmethylphenidate
  • Methylphenidate
  • Bupropion

Natural Ways to Help with Attention Deficit Disorder

There are natural ways or we can say nonmedical ways to help yourself control this medical condition to some extent. It can be in form of various therapy methods like behaviour management and skill training.

  • Psychoeducation- It is a proper discussion of ADD medical condition and its effect discussed among parents, children, teachers, and friends. It provides a sense of support along with this condition’s awareness on psychological terms which can help you cope with ADD.
  • Behaviour therapy- This therapy provides support to ADHD. This process may involve teachers, parents, and friends as well. Reward systems on basis of a child’s appropriate activities are done to encourage them to control their ADD/ADHD behaviours through praises, encouragement, gifts, and more.
  • Building parenting skills- Having a child with ADD doesn’t mean there was a lack of healthy parenting from your side. We can learn certain skills on how to behave and treat ADD children in various situations and when to seek emergency help. Awareness of your child’s issue can make their childhood life easier.
  • Educational programs- Educational programs for children having ADD consist of meetings and activities which can help them get trained and build some amount of social skills with the confidence to boost within themselves
  • Social skill training- Add people who have a hard time following instructions but still you can teach them how to involve in certain social situations. You can teach them how certain roles are played in school or work situations and how to behave effectively.
  • Healthy and balanced diet– Maintaining a healthy and balanced diet can help a patient with ADD a lot because there is a slight link between diet and ADD condition levels. Seek help from dieticians and don’t cut out specific foods before consulting them.

Cognitive Behavioral Theraoy

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)- This specific type of talking therapy can help you manage your ADD problems by training your mind on how to think, behave and react well. A therapist would try to train the patient on how to feel, react and think in certain situations which will result in a behaviour change, and sort that situation out calmly. 

Conclusion

Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a neurological disorder that causes a wide range of behavioural problems and everything related to focus and attention. Furthermore, Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is the former term to describe an inattentive type of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Also, Attention deficit disorder ADD is mostly diagnosed during early childhood between 3 to 7 years old. 

From adults to children, every age group can have ADHD. This medical condition becomes worse or better with time depending upon routine, stress, and support. This condition in all phases of age is difficult and causes serious problems in their academic, professional, and personal lives. Sometimes it causes a safety risk too. 

In addition, women go through slightly different symptoms of ADD or ADHD as compared to men according to various medical studies. Attention deficit disorder is a common disorder. Living with ADHD/ADD is extremely difficult but it can be made easy if we will seek professional medical help to treat them. There is no one size fits all type of medicinal treatment for this condition. Therefore, medications and dosage patterns depend upon the patient’s condition.

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